This is especially important when describing the discovery of significant or unanticipated findings. Note the use of the past tense when reporting results. Coli strain 4 EC 4 tended to be the least sensitive overall, as it produced colonies on all treatment plates, even though it was more sensitive to the individual treatments, compared to EC 2 and EC 3 see Figure 1 ….
Conclusion Beware inappropriate conclusions beyond the range of the data, beyond the design of the study Abstract Contains all sections of paper Introduction with clinical importance and a key reference or two Methods in pertinent detail Results of testing the main hypothesis and most significant other results only Discussion a sentence or two on main implications or conclusion Structured abstracts See current abstracts in Anesth Analg or Anesthesiology.
Coli, it was apparent that all treatments used a deterring effect on the growth of E. The groups did not differ significantly in age, weight, height, ASA status, or doses of intraoperative drugs. Obviously, you must refer to your results when discussing them, but focus on the interpretation of those results and their significance in relation to the research problem, not the data itself.
A few historical references may be helpful for perspective, but most of the references should be relatively recent and included to aid in the interpretation of your results or used to link to similar studies.
Importance of a Good Discussion The discussion section is often considered the most important part of your research paper because this is where you: This can be framed as new research questions that emerged as a result of your analysis.
There was a significant correlation between extroversion and life satisfaction. Clear, concise, simple Is enough detail presented to allow the reader to determine whether the effect of the experimental treatment vs.
The description of findings [results] and the interpretation of their significance [discussion] should be distinct sections of your paper. Provide your name and institutional affiliation Hanover College. San Francisco Edit, If your findings did not support your hypotheses, speculate why that might be so.
Are the results of statistical analysis presented. You should seek information from your lecturers and tutors about whether this is appropriate in your discipline. Recommendations for further research can be included in either the discussion or conclusion of your paper, but do not repeat your recommendations in the both sections.
Begin the abstract with the most important information your questionbut do not repeat the title.
For example, you might speculate about an unexamined third variable that was not present in you study. Further study is needed to determine if a combination of droperidol and ondansetron would decrease PONV more effectively than either agent used alone. You should write a direct, declarative, and succinct proclamation of the study results, usually in one paragraph.
Coli as the colony sizes were near maximum of the standard result. Structure and Writing Style These are the general rules you should adopt when composing your discussion of the results: Data is expressed as number within the sample who possess the characteristic.
Define all abbreviations and acronyms. Results that are "sidelights" should not receive equal weight When presenting the results for the main hypotheses, consider: Coli, it was apparent that all treatments used a deterring effect on the growth of E.
Define all abbreviations and acronyms. Are tables and graphs clearly labeled and appropriately scaled. However, keep in mind that too much use of the first person can actually distract the reader from the main points [i.
If you feel compelled to speculate, do so in the form of describing possible implications or explaining possible impacts. Note that you can make this decision to highlight specific studies after you have begun writing the discussion section.
Anesthesia was maintained with isoflurane or desflurane in oxygen. Although your study may offer important insights about the research problem, this is where you can address other questions related to the problem that remain unanswered or highlight previously hidden questions that were revealed as a result of conducting your research.
Coli strain 1 EC 1 tended to be the most sensitive as it produced no colonies on any of the treated plates see Figure 1 E. To show correlations how well does one thing predict another.
Relate the Findings to Similar Studies No study in the social sciences is so novel or possesses such a restricted focus that it has absolutely no relation to previously published research. Provide a very brief summary of the most important parts of the introduction and then the results sections.
Be wary of mistaking the reiteration of a specific finding for an interpretation because it may confuse the reader. Coli strain 4 EC 4 tended to be the least sensitive overall, as it produced colonies on all treatment plates, even though it was more sensitive to the individual treatments, compared to EC 2 and EC 3 see Figure 1 ….
With this in mind, be careful that you do not read more into the findings than can be supported by the evidence you have gathered.
Components of Results section Results should answer main hypothesis or research question s Order of presenting results is arbitrary May be done in Table 1 in less-complicated studies; or be set apart to emphasize its importance.
As noted, the exception to discussing findings in the same order you described them in the results section would be to begin by highlighting the implications of a particularly unexpected or significant finding that emerged from the study, followed by a discussion of the remaining findings.
CHAPTER 4 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION The present study was an attempt to know about the awareness of The sample for the study was divided into three categories according to their age. Table - 4 shows the percentage distribution for the same. It was. An article was considered to be written using the IMRAD structure only when the headings “methods, results, and discussion,” or synonyms for these headings, were all included and clearly printed.
The introduction section had to be present but not necessarily accompanied by a heading. The Discussion section needs to follow from your results and relate back to your literature review.
Make sure that everything you discuss is covered in the results section. Make sure that everything you discuss is covered in the results section. Example B is an example from a poorly written results section. It includes material which does not belong to the results section such as interpretation and discussion; it focuses on the Figures representing the results, rather than the results themselves and it does not introduce and refer to the Figures correctly.
The results and discussion sections are one of the challenging sections to write. It is important to plan this section carefully as it may contain a large amount of scientific data that needs to be presented in a clear and concise fashion.
The purpose of a Results section is to present the key results. Sample Lab Report #2 in the Writing Guidelines for Engineering and Science Students: guidelines to help students of science and engineering make their writing more efficient for others to read and to make the process of writing more efficient for them to perform.
Results and Discussion Appendix.Results and discussion example